12.30 2020

Standard Mileage Rates for 2021

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued the standard mileage rate for 2021 to calculate the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business, charitable, medical or moving purpose.

 

 

Standard Mileage Rates for the beginning on January 1, 2021 for the uses of car, vans, pickups or panel truck will be:

Period Business Charity Medical Moving
2021 56 14 16
2020 57.5 14 17

 

  • 56 cents per mile driven for business use, down 1.5 cents from the rate for 2020
  • 14 cents per mile driven in service of charitable organizations, the rate is set by statute and remains unchanged from 2020
  • 16 cents per mile driven for medical or moving purposes for qualified active duty members of the Armed Forces, down 1 cent from the rate for 2020

 

The standard mileage rate for business use is based on an annual study of the fixed and variable costs of operating an automobile. The rate for medical and moving purposes is based on the variable costs.

 

 

Important Note:

  • Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, taxpayers cannot claim a miscellaneous itemized deduction for unreimbursed employee travel expenses.
  • Taxpayers also cannot claim a deduction for moving expenses, unless they are members of the Armed Forces on active duty moving under orders to a permanent change of station. For more details see Moving Expenses for Members of the Armed Forces.
12.29 2020

Form 1099-MISC

What is Form 1099-MISC?

Form 1099-MISC is to report payments made in course of a trade or business to non-employee. Although the 1099MISC is still in use, contractor payments made in 2020 and beyond will be reported on the new form 1099-NEC.

Form 1099-Misc and Instructions

 

 

 

  • Rents (Box 1)

Enter amounts of $600 or more for all types of rents

 

  • Other Income (Box 3)

Enter other income of $600 or more required to be reported on Form 1099-MISC that is not reportable in one of the other boxes on the for

 

  • Gross Proceeds Paid to an Attorney (Box 10)

Enter gross proceeds of $600 or more paid to an attorney in connection with legal services (regardless of whether the services are performed for the payer)

 

  • Fishing Boat Proceeds (Box 5)

Enter the individual’s share of all proceeds from the sale of a catch or the FMV of a distribution in kind to each crew member of fishing boats with normally fewer than 10 crew members. A fishing boat has normally fewer than 10 crew members if the average size of the operating crew was fewer than 10

 

  • Medical Payments (Box 6)

Enter payments of $600 or more made in the course of your trade or business to each physician or other vendor or provider of medical or health care services. Include payments made by medical and health care insurers under health, accident, and sickness insurance programs. If payment is made to a corporation, list the corporation as the recipient rather than the individual providing the services. Payments to persons providing health care services often include charges for injections, drugs, dentures, and similar items. In these cases, the entire payment is subject to information reporting. You are not required to report payments to pharmacies for prescription drugs

 

  • Direct Sales (Box 7)

Enter an “X” in the checkbox for sales by you of $5,000 or more of consumer products to a person on a buy-sell, deposit-commission, or other commission basis for resale (by the buyer or any other person) anywhere other than in a permanent retail establishment. Do not enter a dollar amount in this box. The report you must give to the recipient for these direct sales need not be made on the official form. It may be in the form of a letter showing this information along with commissions, prizes, awards, etc.

 

  • Substitute Payments in lieu of dividends or interest (Box 8)

Enter aggregate payments of at least $10 of substitute payments received by a broker for a customer in lieu of dividends or tax-exempt interest as a result of a loan of a customer’s securities. Substitute payment means a payment in lieu of (a) a dividend, or (b) tax-exempt interest to the extent that interest (including original issue discount) has accrued while the securities were on loan. For this purpose, a customer includes an individual, trust, estate, partnership, association, company, or corporation.

 

  • Crop Insurance Proceeds (Box 9)

Enter crop insurance proceeds of $600 or more paid to farmers by insurance companies unless the farmer has informed the insurance company that expenses have been capitalized under section 278, 263A, or 447 of Instructions for Forms 1099-MISC and 1099-NEC.

 

  • Excess Golden Parachute (Box 13)

Enter any excess golden parachute payments. An excess parachute payment is the amount over the base amount (the average annual compensation for services includible in the individual’s gross income over the most recent 5 tax years). Find additional detail on page 11 of the Instructions for Forms 1099-MISC and 1099-NEC.

 

  • Federal tax withheld (Box 4)

Enter backup withholding. For example, persons who have not furnished their TINs to you are subject to withholding on payments required to be reported in box 1. For more information on backup withholding, including the rate, see Instructions for Forms 1099-MISC and 1099-NEC

 

Reminder – Form W-2s and 1099s Are Due in January

 

When you running a small business, it is important to know which form is used when the tax season come. The most common forms in business are Form W-2s and 1099s.

 

  

What is Form W-2?

Let’s start with a quick refresher: Form W-2 is the document that employers use to report each employee’s wages and earnings to the IRS as well as the employees.

How to file Form W-2?

Most businesses use accounting and payroll software, which will complete fillings of Form W-2 for employers, even automatically mailing the employee copies to them. You can file from e-file or paper and send it to IRS.

This is a Form W-2

 

Understanding payment categories for the Form 1099s

What is new for tax year 2020?

From 2020, the IRS has introduced the new Form 1099-NEC just for reporting independent contractor income. Because of this, you are no longer using Form 1099-MISC for reporting non-employee compensation. Let’s check out new arrangement and box numbers for reporting certain income.

 

What is Form 1099-NEC?

Form 1099- NEC is a new document specifically used to report the amounts for non-employee who worked for you during 2020 and earned more than $600. Non-employee who is not on payroll on a contract basis. If you do not have contractor’s information, ask them to fill out Form W-9 for the preparation of Form 1099-NEC.

 

New:  If you filed Form 1099-MISC with only Box 7 in the past, you should more likely to choose Box 1 (Nonemployee compensation) on the Form 1099-NEC.

 

What is Form 1099-MISC?

Form 1099-MISC is to report payments made in course of a trade or business to non-employee.

Lean more about Form 1099-Misc Boxes

 

Ready to file your 1099s, see What is a 1099 and do I need to file one?

Deadline: January 31, 2021

 

 

What if missing the filing deadline?

If you missed the deadline of January 31, 2021, you will need to pay a penalty depending on how late the filing is.

  • $50 if you file within 30 days
  • $100 if you file more than 30 days late, but before August 1
  • $260 if you file on or after August 1

 

12.28 2020

Bank Reconciliation

First, what is a bank reconciliation?

When you reconcile your bank account or statement, you compare your internal financial records such as bookkeeping records against the records provided by financial institutions.  A monthly reconciliation helps your business to detect discrepancies and errors as well as identify any unusual transactions that might be caused by fraud actions. In other word, this practice can help your business inefficiencies in accounting procedures.

 

         How often to reconcile bank statements?

Many business performs monthly bank reconciliation for identifying problems. It is the best to have a regular schedule and save bank statement or other related document for avoiding time-consuming task.  Some businesses with a lot of transactions, reconcile on a daily basis.  If something does not match with your record against bank statement, it might be due to timing differences that items or checks have not yet cleared. However, bookkeepers and accountants should be able to explain those differences.

 

Once you have figured out the reasons why bank statement and records do not match up, you need to record them by making adjusting journal entries.

 

Best Bank Reconciliation Practice and Tips

To reconcile bank accounts, you need to compare your internal record of transactions, balances, and descriptions to your monthly bank statement. Make sure matching the amounts and stating any memo or note for differences that requires more investigation and detail.

 

12.23 2020

Financial Relief Before Year is Over

 

 

This year is end in a week. A spike in COVID-29 cases and related restrictions and shutdown, more people have been laid off and millions of people have received jobless help and benefit.

 

 

Don’t miss out!!!

Before 2020 is over, we still have time to gain some financial relief to help reduce the effects of the pandemic.

Paid sick leave

Fully refundable tax credits are available, as part of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act.

  • Up to $511 per day, or
  • $200 per day if caring for a family member or children if school is closed.

 

Paid family leave

One provision of FFCRA is fully refundable tax credits equal to two-thirds of the employee’s regular pay.

  •  Up to $200 per day, for an employee to care for a child due to school or place of care closure.

 

 

Employee Retention Credit

As part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, provides a fully refundable credit that is 50% of qualified wages.

  • $10,000, for a maximum credit per employee of $5,000 paid from March 13 – Dec. 31, 2020.

 

Important notes about COVID-19 tax credits:

  • For businesses to receive the credits, wages paid must occur by Dec. 31, 2020 or earlier.
  • If a Paycheck Protection Program loan was taken, the employer would not be eligible for the Employee Retention Credit.
  • Employers who choose to file one or more Forms 7200 to request an advance payment of the tax credits, the last day to file is either Feb.1, 2021, or the date employer’s Forms 941 are filed for forth quarter 2020, whichever is earlier. Any Forms 7200 received after that date will be rejected by the IRS